Sunday, May 26, 2019
How male/female relationships are portrayed in Macbeth and poems
Male/fe virile alliances are portrayed differently in the poems Porphyrias Lover, Havisham, Cousin Kate and the play Macbeth. They all contact the themes of get along, hate, desirousy, betrayal, guilt and obsession. However, the love versus hate theme is most dominant because all of the poems and the play have a melancholy bodily fluid, showing how the key records have been attenuate by love through their kinds and how afterwards, the way they feel has also been affected.Shakespeares characters Macbeth and dame Macbeth are initially united by their mutual ambition for forefinger and their family family is brawny. However, over time, they become haunted by the brutal deeds that they have carried out to achieve their aims. They are dictated apart by their informal feelings, secrets and guilt. In Act 1 crack 7 of Macbeth, Lady Macbeth is portrayed as a woman in interpret over her man, a rattling odd situation in Jacobean times where the man would most often be in contr ol of the woman.She is shown as being in control by persuading Macbeth into executioning Dun tail, the king. She says, Which thou esteemst the ornament of life, And live a coward in thine own esteem, to Macbeth, telling him he could have all his desires and the crown, but he is a coward and wont achieve it. This makes the audience see her as a much less sensitive and respectful woman, compared to the typical Jacobean lady, being cut back and controlled by male dominance in society. At the time the play was written, women had no power or control over anything, and all decisions were made by men.However, Lady Macbeth is the opposite of this, and challenges Macbeth to murder Duncan. While Lady Macbeth is shown as having more power at this point in the play, they arent hiding their thoughts or secrets from from each one other. The audience are shown this by the couple plotting the murder together as a united team and by them discussing what can non you and I perform upon the unguarde d Duncan. The pitch of this on the audience is real powerful, as it shows how they would plan such a horrible deed together as a team, and dont veil any of their secrets from each other.Although planning the murder is horrific, they are shown as having a very close relationship at this point in the play, due to the detail that they dont keep secrets from each other and are willing to plan a murder together. Lady Macbeth in Act 1 Scene 7 is shown to the audience as being quite demanding and persuading towards Macbeth about murdering Duncan. She uses different techniques to try and persuade Macbeth to murder the king, for pillow slip, exploitation flattery when she says When you durst do it, then you were a man And, to be more than what you were, you would Be so much more the man.The techniques she used eventually managed to convince her husband to kill Duncan. The effect of Lady Macbeth using these techniques on the audience makes them portray her as quite desperate for Macbeth to kill Duncan and that she acknowledges as a woman she cant do the deed herself, she does non have enough power to do so. The relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth is shown to the audience as being quite tense at this point, due to Macbeth not wanting to neither murder the king nor disappoint his wife.Another technique she uses as well as flattery is guilt, to make Macbeth feel bad for breaking his telephone to her and for not murdering Duncan, allowing Lady Macbeth to become the Queen of Scotland. Lady Macbeth is shown as not acting how a typical Jacobean lady would, calm, innocent and clean, but sort of as manly, aggressive and dark-minded. When she is persuading Macbeth to murder Duncan, she says to him, I would, while it was smiling in my face, Have pluckd my nipple from his boneless gums, And dashd the brains out, had I so sworn as you have done this.This quote has a very powerful effect on the audience and shows to them how heartless, ruthless and insensitive she is. The emblem of a mother and her baby represents the closest bond of love, tho Lady Macbeth would have been willing to destroy it if she had made a promise to Macbeth. This reveals to the audience that Lady Macbeth is determined to see Duncan murdered. She says she will do anything for Macbeth, and challenges him to do the same for her by murdering Duncan, against his will.In Act 3 Scene 2, after Macbeth has been crowned King of Scotland following the murder of Duncan, Lady Macbeth is no longer portrayed as powerful and dominant. Instead, Macbeth is now in control in their relationship. Lady Macbeth says to one of her servants, Say to the king, I would realize his leisure for a few words, sort of of approaching him directly, suggesting that they are becoming more distant from each other. This shows the audience that Lady Macbeth recognises Macbeths power as king and is conscious that she should be more reverent towards him.In this scene, Lady Macbeth behaves less aggressively and more sensitively towards Macbeths feelings, like a traditional Jacobean wife would towards her husband. She says, Gentle my lord, sleek oer your rugged looks be bright and jovial among your guests to-night. From this quote the audience can see that she is trying to calm and tranquilize Macbeth, suggesting that she feels guilty about convincing him to kill Duncan. She is shown as being quite caring, the opposite of her earlier personality.This makes the audience believe that although she was has been a very strong character, she is adequate to(p) to adjust the way she behaves according to the situation she is in, in this case Macbeth starting to become paranoid and delirious. On the contrary, their relationship at this point is being driven apart they are keeping their feelings and secrets away from each other. Macbeth, while planning to kill Banquo and Fleance, says to Lady Macbeth, Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck, Till thou spat the deed.This quote shows the aud ience that Macbeth doesnt want Lady Macbeth to know about his plan for killing Banquo and Fleance until he has done it. It shows that Macbeth is isolating himself from every frame else including Lady Macbeth, driving their relationship further and further away. Macbeth, in this scene, becomes overwhelmed by paranoia and the guilt of murdering Duncan. We have scorchd the snake, not killd it Shell close and be herself, whilst our poor malevolence Remains in danger of her former tooth. In conclusion, Macbeth is both a victim of persuasion from his wife and fate, as prophesised by the witches.Lady Macbeth is a very strong influence of his actions in the first part of the play. In the later scene, however, he is in control of her instead and even approaching their deaths, the relationship between them carcass intact. The poems Porphyrias Lover, Havisham and Cousin Kate are all based around three key themes love, betrayal and jealousy. These poems all have a gloomy mood about them and unlike Macbeth the central relationship in each of the poems are destroyed by the end of the poem. The relationships in the poems are broken apart by the actions of the male character.Robert Brownings Porphyrias Lover is very interesting as the mood of the poem changes quite quickly. At the start of the poem, Porphyria is quite dictatorial of her lover. The reader is shown this by her lover saying, She shut out the cold and storm And kneeled and made the cheerless grate Blaze up and all the cottage fiery. This quote shows that as soon as Porphyria has entered, she is adjusting the conditions to suit her, in this case making the cottage warmer. This suggests to the reader that Porphyria likes to be in control, and that she is most dominant in the relationship between her and her lover.The quote She sat down by my side And called me. When no voice replied, She put my arm about her waist shows how when her lover ignores her, she controls his body so that he notices her more. This mak es the reader portray her as having quite a forceful and vigorous character and that Porphyrias lover allows her to control him, suggesting to the reader that he is a weak character. Later on in the poem, Porphyrias lover is portrayed as being quite obsessive of her. He thinks Porphyria adores him and remarks That moment she was mine, mine, comme il faut.He is deluded about their relationship and believes Porphyria worshipped me. The reader is shown how her lover wants to possess Porphyria as if she is an object of desire, making them question whether he truly loves her. This makes the reader portray the relationship between them as quite tense, since he is very possessive of Porphyria and makes the reader believe he doesnt truly love her. Porphyria and her lovers relationship changes at this point, and instead of loving each other as the audience believes at the start of the poem, Porphyria decides she does not want to be with her lover any longer.Porphyria feels that her pride an d course of study is more master(prenominal) than her love and is believed by her lover to be Too weak for all her hearts endeavour, To set it struggling passion free. The reader views Porphyria as being quite conscious of her dignity and status in society, and is shown that she believes she is too good for him. This makes the reader question whether she truly loves him or if she doesnt at all. The relationship at this point in the poem is shown to the reader as being quite tense, due to the fact that Porphyria doesnt want to be with her lover anymore and wanting to leave him.Porphyrias lover believes that Porphyria wanted to be with him and convinced himself that by killing her he has fulfilled her wish to be with him. Porphyrias love she guessed now how, Her darling one wish would be heard. This quote shows to the reader that her lover wishes for her happiness, suggesting that her does truly love her. Their relationship at this point ends, yet they have both achieved their dream s Porphyria has been able to leave him through death, yet he is happy to have her body as an object of his desire. Havisham by Carol Ann Duffy contrasts to Porphyrias Lover in many ways.Firstly, the key character has already been mischief by her lover before the poem has started, unlike Porphyrias Lover where she is hurt at the end. The reader is shown that Havisham has been hurt by her saying not a day since then I havent wished him dead. This quote has a very powerful effect on the reader, as it shows them Havishams feelings towards love after she has been hurt by it, and the affect it has had on her, making them empathise with her. The relationship in this poem compared to Porphyrias Lover is very different yet mysterious, due to the fact that the reader is left hand to guess what has happened previously before the poem.Another effort for why Havisham differs from Porphyrias Lover is that the poet has written the poem from the womens perspective, instead of the mans like in Po rphyrias Lover. The key character from Havisham is portrayed to the reader as being left heartbroken by her lover and psychologically scarred. She spent Whole days in bed cawing Nooooo at the wall, which shows the reader that she is depressed and has chosen to isolated herself from the rest of society.This suggests that she now feels alone and possibly worthless, the opposite of Porphyrias Lover where Porphyria believes her pride and high class in society is more important than her love. This has an interesting effect on the reader because it shows them the vast effect love can have on people, and how it can change them altogether, just like how Havisham has changed. Furthermore, Havisham says beloved sweetheart bastard, showing the reader that she used to adore her lover, but now hates him and thinks poorly of him. This quote is very efficacious and Duffy has used oxymoron to express how Havisham feels about her lover to the reader.This is a similar technique to the pathetic falla cy used by Browning in Porphyrias Lover when it says The rain set early in tonight, The sullen wind was soon awake, referring to Porphyria coming to visit her lover. These techniques that the poets use are very effective and hint different messages to the reader about the poems, in the case of Havisham, showing how she used to love him but now despises him. Christina Rossettis Cousin Kate is similar to Havisham by the main female character being hurt by her lover.This is shown by the quote He lured me to his palace home, Woes me for joy thereof, To lead a shameless bleak life, His plaything and his love. This quote shows the poem is similar to Havisham because it shows how the woman was led by the key male character to believe that he loves her, which is different to Porphyrias Lover. It is also similar because it uses oxymoron when it says Also in Cousin Kate, the main character is empathised with by the reader due to the fact that the Great Lord, who she truly loved, left her for her own cousin. O cousin Kate, my love was true, Your love was writ in sand.This quote shows that the key character believes that Kate never loved the Great Lord, and it suggests that she is jealous of her. This is similar to Havisham where the key male character leaves her heartbroken and distressed. However, this is different to Porphyrias Lover as the central relationship in Cousin Kate doesnt get until the end of the poem. In conclusion, Macbeth, Porphyrias Lover, Havisham and Cousin Kate are all similar how they are all based upon the love versus hate theme. In my opinion, the relationships in all three of the poems are very similar, how they have all been hurt through love.However, the relationship in Macbeth is different because the key relationship is shown to the audience as still being intact even through death. All four pieces are linked by having a central relationship between male and female characters, which ends tragically. This is a reoccurring theme throughout the pieces as well as the themes of jealousy, love versus hate, obsession and guilt. The love versus hate theme is very significant, as it is an example of oxymoron itself, as used in the poems. All these pieces are very effective examples of this love versus hate theme represented throughout.