Saturday, May 25, 2019
Poverty in Ghana
In recent grades, Ghana has emerged as a leading sylvan in the Western and Central Africa region. It has developed its economy on a scale that could enable it to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) before the 2015 deadline. It also managed a smooth and peaceful political transition in 2008 and 2009, and has created a political and policy environment conducive to economic and social progress and poverty decline. The Ghanaian economy has grown at an average annual rate of 4. 8 per cent over the past two decades.By 2008 GDP growth had reached 7. per cent. The cultivation sector, which contri only ifed 33. 5 per cent of GDP in 2008, remains the countrys major engine of economic growth. Rapid economic progress has all but halved national poverty place, which reach fallen from approximately 50 per cent in 1991 to 28. 5 per cent in 2006. In the last decade, poverty rates dropped by 8. 6 per cent in urban areas and by 10. 4 per cent in country-bred ones. Ghanas growth and pov erty reduction rates are probably the best that have been achieved throughout sub-Saharan Africa in the past 15 years.Where are Ghanas agricultural poor people? Although in that location has been a substantial overall decline in the incidence of poverty in Ghana, poverty still has a firm grip on rural areas, especially in the north. There is a wide disparity in income between people living in the drought-prone northern plains, and those living in the south, where in that location are two growing seasons and greater economic opportunities. Who are Ghanas rural poor people? Just over half the countrys commonwealth lives in rural areas.The poorest parts of Ghana are the savannah regions of the north (the Northern, top(prenominal) East and Upper West regions), where chronic food insecurity is widespread and livelihoods are more vulnerable. Poor rural people have limited access to basic social work, safe water, roads that are accessible year round, and electricity and telephone s ervices. Poverty is most severe among food crop farmers, who are mainly traditional itsy-bitsy-scale producers. About six in go small-scale farmers are poor, and many are women. Women bear heavy workloads.In addition to their domestic chores, they are responsible for about 60 per cent of hoidenish production. More than half the women who head households in rural areas are among the poorest 20 per cent of the population. Why are Ghanas rural people poor? According to the governments poverty reduction strategy paper, low productivity and poorly functioning markets for agricultural outputs are among the main causes of rural poverty. Small-scale farmers lack the technologies and inputs, such(prenominal) as fertilizer and improved seed, that would increase yields.Population pressure leads to shorter fallow periods or even continuous cultivation in the densely inhabited Upper East and Upper West regions, causing soil erosion and loss of fertility. Land degradation poses a long-term t hreat to farmers livelihoods and incomes. Only a small proportion of farmers have access to irrigation. Land ownership and land security are regulated by complex systems that vary widely. Many farmers lack rural infrastructure and equipment for storing, processing and marketing their products.In order to overcome their vulnerability and food insecurity, poor rural populations need help in sustainably increasing their incomes. in effect(p) opportunities exist to link farmers to markets and to red-brickize agriculture. The rural private sector could play an important role in making farming a profitable vexation through access to financial services, farm inputs and linkages to agroprocessors and traders. www. cfr. org Ghana is rich in natural resources and has one of the strongest emerging economies in Africa.The capital city, Accra, is one of the wealthiest and most modern cities on the continent, and is experiencing a period of rapid growth. Ghana is rapidly urbanizing. Despite th is, most of Ghanas poor live in rural areas without basic services such as health care and clean water. Small-scale farmers, who are affected most by rural poverty in Ghana, depend on superannuated farming tools and lack access to improved seeds and fertilizers to increase crop yields. Our Work The hungriness Project has been working in Ghana since 1995 and is empowering partners in 49 epicenter communities to end their own hunger and poverty.Through its integrated approach to rural development, the Epicenter Strategy, The Hunger Project is working with partners to successfully access the basic services needed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and lead lives of self-reliance. Scaling-Up the Epicenter Strategy Ghana is the first country in which The Hunger Project is scaling up its Epicenter Strategy to provide coverage to a set geographical area and reach significantly more people. In July 2006, The Hunger Project acquire a US$5 million investment to scale-up Hu nger Project work in the Eastern Region of Ghana.By the end of the five-year commitment, The Hunger Project-Ghana aims to have mobilized enough epicenter communities so that each villager in the Eastern Region is within walking distance to an epicenter building. By the end of the second year of its scale-up program, The Hunger Project-Ghana had successfully completed construction of 12 epicenters. Scaling-up has presented a number of challenges to The Hunger Project-Ghana, such as acquisition of land and the mobilization of construction materials.Our staff, however, is furnish with the training and skills to continue to mobilize partners to end their own hunger in the Eastern Region. Empowering Women The Hunger Project-Ghana has pioneered the Womens Empowerment Program (WEP), which empowers women to become strong leaders in their households and communities. The WEP is a series of workshops that focus on legal, civic and reproductive health rights as well as leadership skills for se lected women.The trained women, also known as animators, then carry out community-based educational activities using drama, mini-lectures and discussions. These animators are also trained to provide counseling and distribute non-prescriptive contraceptives. Microfinance Through its Microfinance Program in 2009, The Hunger Project disbursed 1,834 loans totaling $146,421. Partners in Ghana deposited $23,589 in savings during the year. Of the epicenters that are operating in Ghana, three have government-recognized Rural Banks and are self-reliant.